Causes and Treatments – Varicose Veins

Blood flows unrestricted to the heart in healthy veins, and a series of small vascular valves open and close to prevent the blood from flowing backward. If the valves become weak or damaged, the blood can reverse its flow and collect in the vein. When these small valves stop working correctly, the vein eventually becomes enlarged (varicose).

Types of Varicose Issues:

1. Trunk Varicose
Trunk veins are near the skin’s surface, thick and raised. Trunk varicose are usually long and unattractive and may cause you to feel self-conscious.

2. Reticular Varicose
Reticular varicose are red and are usually in a close group like a network of veins.

3. Telangiectasia Varicose
Telangiectasia veins are also called thread or spider veins. Small clusters of bluish or red veins that may appear on the face or legs. These veins are harmless and don’t bulge under the skin’s surface.

Causes and Increased Risk

Being female
Genetic factors: close family members with varicose
Overweight
Age
Standing extended periods at work
Pregnancy

When to See a Vein Specialist:

1. Your varicose issues are causing leg fatigue, pain or discomfort
2. The skin is tender and irritated or dry and itchy
3. You are experiencing aching legs and irritation during the day and at night, which is disturbing your sleep
4. The veins are bumpy and tender or protruding long and coiled

Additional symptoms may include:
Heavy, aching legs and swollen feet and ankles. Your legs may burn or throb, and you may experience muscle cramps in your legs due to poor circulation. Most people experience worse symptoms during hot weather or when standing for extended periods of time.

Your symptoms may improve if you walk around, rest or raise your feet. Relief may be rare due to complications as a vein on your feet or legs becomes enlarged, further stressed and damaged. The complicated vein may appear blue or deep purple and will be bulging, twisted and lumpy.

Diagnosing Varicose Veins

Your general doctor can diagnose your vascular problem based on these symptoms, but additional tests should be completed by a specialist who can recommend the best treatment. A vein specialist offers lasting, significant results.

Treatment Options

If vascular treatment is considered necessary by a general practitioner, he or she may prescribe up to six months of compression stocking use along with regular exercise and elevation while at rest. A consultation with a vein specialist is necessary to determine the best treatment and the strength of compression stocking that are needed to control symptoms. If your varicose veins continue to cause pain or discomfort and if complications arise, they can be treated in several ways.

Varicose Treatments

Endothermal Vein Ablation
Vein Ablation is a minimally invasive treatment that uses heat via radio-frequency (RF) energy to treat varicose or Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI).

Sclerotherapy
An injection of a sclerosant is directly inserted into the vein causing the vein’s lining to swell. The injected medicine activates a process that eventually seals the vein to prevent high pressure. The treated vein hardens and is gradually absorbed over eight to ten weeks like a bruise. The vein disappears, and the symptoms are removed.

Vein Specialist Consultation

Contact the Vascular Institute of Dickson for a vein consultation and to learn if sclerotherapy or ablation are right for you.

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